Conjunction is a word which is used to join two words, clause or sentences for example I like cold drinks and sandwiches. Here and work as a conjunction which join cold drink and sandwiches. Only and is the conjunction which join two words rest of the conjunctions join two clauses or sentences for example She is worried yet she did not show it, here yet is used as a conjunction to join two sentences.
Conjunctions are of two types as mentioned below.
- Coordinating conjunction
- Subordinating conjunction
Coordinating conjunction is used to join two sentences which have their own separate meaning. If we separate the two sentences join by Co-ordinating conjunctions then we get one principal clause and one co-ordinate clause. For example He tried many time, but he failed each time. Here two sentences are joined by conjunction word but which join two sentences that have their own meaning. Coordinating conjunctions are of four types.
Cumulative conjunction joins one statement with second statement. And, also, both——-and, as well as, now, too, no less than are Cumulative conjunction. Some examples of Cumulative conjunction are mentioned below.
- Meenu as well as Seema is proud.
- Mahi no less than Simar is to blame.
- He is hardworking and smart too.
- My mother is a good cook and a homemaker too.
Alternative conjunction join two sentences in which you have two choose between two alternatives. Either——-or, neither——-nor, else, or, otherwise are Alternative conjunction. Some examples of Alternative conjunction are mentioned below.
- You must run fast, else you will miss the train
- She must eat or she will become weak.
- Either work hard or repent forever.
Adversative Conjunctions join two sentences which express comparisons or contrasts. But, yet, still, only, however, nevertheless, while, whereas are Adversative Conjunctions. Some examples of Adversative Conjunctions are mentioned below.
- Deepa ran fast nevertheless he missed the train
- Raman is poor, however he is contented with his lot.
- Rama is wealthy, still she does not boast.
Illative Conjunctions join two sentences in which one sentence is the result of another sentence. For, therefore, so, then, so then are Illative Conjunctions. Some examples of Illative Conjunctions are mentioned below.
- It is raining heavily therefore it is better to stay at home.
- It is time to have dinner, so let us go to home.
- You will surely pass for you work hard.
Subordinating Conjunctions are used to join an independent clause and a dependent clause, means to join the clauses in which one clause depends on other clause to complete its meaning. When we divide the sentence joined by Subordinating Conjunctions into clause one become Principal clause and other will act as a subordinate clause which depends on Principle clause to complete its meaning. For example the train had left before we reached the station. Here two sentences are joined with before.
You use Subordinating Conjunctions in the below mentioned forms.
Time– Till, until, before, after, when, since, for, as soon as, as long as, just as, whenever
- He has been ill since he reached Shimla.
- When I called on her, she was cooking dinner.
- As soon as she saw me, she cried.
Place– Where, whither, whence, wherever
- He went back whence he had come.
- Wherever I went, my parents went with me.
- Place the book where you can find it.
Cause– Since, as, that, because
- I am glad that you have come.
- Sangeeta passed because she worked hard.
- As my mother has fever, she cannot cook dinner.
Purpose– That, in order that, lest, so that
- She walked carefully lest she should fall.
- We eat so that we may remain healthy.
- I look the taxi in order that I might reach in time.
Result– Such —– that, such——-that
- David is so clever that he won the game.
- He spoke in such a slow voice that I could not hear some words.
Condition– Unless, provides, if, supposing
- Supposing, if you fall, what will you do?
- You cannot win the race unless you ran fast.
- I shall help him provides that he comes to me.
Manner– As, as if, as—-so, so far as, as though
- He speaks as if he is very intelligent.
- So far as I could calculate, he was duping me.
Comparison– As, as——as, so—–as, than
- Tony is taller than Lisa.
- Lisa is as beautiful as her mother.
- She is not so able as she appears.
Contrast– Although, However, Though
- However fast you may run you cannot catch the bus.
- Though Sam is very rich yet he is not happy.
Correlative Conjunctions are always used in pairs. Either—-or, neither——–nor, both—-and, so—-that, whether—–or, not only—-but also are Correlative Conjunction.
- He is either very smart or an indifferent.
- I do not care whether you attend the party or not.
- Though she is rich yet she is humble.
- He not only works in a school but also teach poor children in his free time.
- He is neither useful nor social.
Want to do some practice now, here we are with some Practice worksheet for conjunction with answer key which you can print and fill to check how much you learn about conjunction.