Here we are with Swami Vivekananda an Indian social reformer biography, his contribution and achievements.
Swami Vivekananda was born on January 12, 1863 in Calcutta in a respectable Bengali family. His father’s name was Vishwanath Dutta and his mother’s name Bhuvaneswari Devi. His real name was Narendranath Dutta who acquired the name of Swami Vivekananda when he became a monk.
As a child Narendra was enthusiastic and shrewd. He was great in studies and other curricular activities. He considered instrumental and vocal music furthermore honed reflection from an early age. Notwithstanding when Narendra was youthful he doubted the legitimacy of superstitious traditions and segregation taking into account position and religion. As a youngster Narendra had incredible admiration for sanyasis (monkish life). He would dole out anything to anyone if requested. He would give away anything to anybody if asked for, he would give him anything he had. Therefore from youth Narendra had the soul of penance and renunciation.
In 1879, Narendra passed matriculation and entered Presidency College, Calcutta. Following one year, he joined the Scottish Church College, Calcutta and examined reasoning. He studied over western rationale, western reasoning and history of European countries. As he propelled in his studies, his reasoning workforce created. Questions in regards to presence of God began to emerge in Narendra’s psyche. This made him connect with the Brahmo Samaj, an imperative religious development of the time, drove by Keshab Chandra Sen. However, the Samaj’s congregational petitions to God and reverential melodies couldn’t fulfill Narendra’s enthusiasm to acknowledge God.
During this time Narendra came to know of Sri Ramakrishna Pramahans of Dakshineswar was a priest in the temple of Goddess Kali. He was not a researcher but was an incredible enthusiast. It was being said of him that he had acknowledged God. When, Narendra went to Dakshineswar to with his companions see him. He asked Ramakrishna, whether he had seen God. The immediate answer from Ramakrishna was, “Yes, I have seen God, pretty much as I see you here, just in an all the more clear sense.” Narendra was surprised and astounded. He could feel the man’s words were fair and articulated from profundities of experience. He began going by Ramakrishna regularly. Narendra acknowledged Sri Ramakrishna as his master and took preparing under him for a long time in the Advaita Vedanta, the theory of non-dualism. Sri Ramakrishna passed away in 1886 and designated Narendra as his successor. After his demise Narendra and a center gathering of Ramakrishna’s supporters took pledges to become monks and renounce everything, and started living in a supposedly haunted house in Baranagore.
In 1890, Narendra set out on a long journey. He visited Varanasi, Ayodhya, Agra, Vrindavan, Alwar etc. Narendra acquired the name of Swami Vivekananda during the journey by Maharaja of Khetri for his discrimination of things, good and bad. During his journey he came in close contact with the cultures of different regions of India and various classes of people in India and observed the imbalance in society and tyranny in the name of caste. On December24, 1892 Swami Vivekananda reached Kanyakumari where he swam across the sea and started meditating on a lone rock for three days and said later that he meditated about the past, present and future of India. In 1893, Swami Vivekananda went to America to attend the Conference of World Religions in Chicago where he got lot of appreciation and mesmerized everyone in America with his masterful oratory. He spoke with spontaneous ease on every topic, be it History, Sociology, Philosophy or Literature. Swami Vivekananda also went to England where many people became his disciples. Most famous among them was Margaret Nivedita’ who came to India and settled here.
After four years of touring in the West he returned to India. Swami Vivekananda started Sri Ramakrishna Mission in 1897 to offer the social services in an organized manner and formulated its ideology and goal. During the next two years he bought a site at Belur on the banks of the Ganga, constructed the buildings and established the Ramakrishna Math. He once again toured the West from January 1899 to December 1900.
Swami Vivekananda died on July 4, 1902 at Belur Math near Calcutta.