Here we are with 700 words Essay on Dr B R Ambedkar architect of the constitution of India describing about his role in drafting the world’s best Indian constitution. Read on to know Essay on Dr B R Ambedkar architect of the constitution of India.
Essay on Dr B R Ambedkar architect of the constitution of India
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was the builder of Indian Constitution. He was born on 14 April 1891 at Mahu near Indore in Madhya Pradesh to Ramji Maloji Sakpal and Bhimabai Murbadkar in a low caste family of harijan. Due to his important role in the framing of the Indian Constitution, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar is popularly known all over India as the chief architect of the Indian Constitution. He was very brilliant since his childhood but being an untouchable did not get any encouragement from his village school teachers. But these hardships did not stop him to get higher education. After completing his studies in London, Ambedkar returned to India. He formed the outcaste welfare society and encouraged the untouchables to fight for their rights and a graceful life.
In 1947, when India became independent, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru invited Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar to join his Cabinet as a Law Minister. He was elected as Chairman of constitution drafting committee on 29th August, 1947 with the seven members for preparing a draft of the Constitution of the independent India. In order to give a unique and beneficial constitution to India he studied the various constitutions and assimilated all good points of them in Indian Constitution. He was the first and promising leader of the depressed classes who struggle for Human Rights and socio-political equality for them. Dr. Ambedkar played a key role in viewing the structure of the government and the forms of the Constitution. He used all his experience and knowledge in drafting the Constitution. He gave free India its legal framework, and the people, the basis of their freedom.
Ambedkar was always in favor of fundamental rights so he guarantees the fundamental rights to the citizens against the state in constitution. He provided constitutional guarantees and protections for a wide range of civil liberties for individual citizens, including freedom of religion, the abolition of untouchability and outlawing all forms of discrimination. According to him the most significant feature of the fundamental rights is that these rights are made justiciable. He always support parliamentary form of government and believed that the parliamentary system of government is the best practice for the developing country like India. The Preamble of the Indian Constitution also based on the principles of parliamentary democracy. He did a great job by proposing the institution of a unified judicial system and common All India Services with a view to strengthen national unity and integrity. Dr. Ambedkar showed his true love towards state socialism in the draft Constitution. He proposed state ownership of agriculture with a collectivized method of cultivation and a modified form of state socialism in the field of industry.
In 1948, Dr. Ambedkar presented the draft Constitution before the people of India which was adopted on November 26, 1949 by the Constituent Assembly and came into force on January 26, 1950 marking the beginning of a new era in the history of India. After completion his work Ambedkar said “I feel the Constitution is workable; it is flexible and it is strong enough to hold the country together both in peacetime and in war time.” The first President of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad, praised the contribution of Dr. Ambedkar in the making of the Constitution and said “I have carefully watched the day-to-day activities from the presidential seat. Therefore, I appreciate more than others with how much dedication and vitality this task has been carried out by the Drafting Committee and by its chairman Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar in particular. We never did a better thing than having Dr. Ambedkar on the Drafting Committee and selecting him as its chairman”.
The Columbia University offered him LL.D. degree (Honoris Causa) at its Special convocation on June 5, 1952 for recognition of his drafting the Constitution of India. The University hailed him as “one of India’s leading citizens, a great social reformer and valiant upholder of human rights”.
Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar was a great son of India. As the architect of Indian Constitution, his contribution remains unmatched. He can be rightly called the architect of the Indian Constitution.