Here, with the essay on Mahatma Gandhi, a great leader and a true patriot who always supported non-violence and liberated India from British rule.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar of Gujarat. His father’s name was Karamchand and his mother’s name was Putlibai. Mahatma Gandhi’s full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, but all of us used to call him Bapu lovingly. He got his early education in Rajkot and then went to England for higher studies. From there he obtained the degree of law. Gandhi ji got married to Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia in May 1883.
Mahatma Gandhi was a philanthropist, social worker, a social reformer, and educationist, a wise and influential leader. He was a perfect man full of many qualities. After getting a law degree from England, he returned to India and started advocating. After sometime he went to South Africa where he fiercely protest against the discrimination because of his skin colour and heritage, prevailing in South Africa those days.
Years later when he returned to India, on seeing the behaviour of the British towards the Indians, he became very sad and disheartened. He started a nonviolence movement against British rule. He emphasized on the social development of rural areas, inspired Indians to use indigenous goods and raised voice against the British government on a number of social issues. He wanted to abolish the tradition of untouchables and discrimination from Indian culture completely.
He started many movements like the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920. In 1930 he started Salt March also known as the Dandi Yatra, an act of nonviolence to break the salt law which do not permits Indian to make salt from the seawater for their own use, in which thousands of people participated and broke the law peacefully. Gandhi ji sent to jail many times because of his freedom movements.
Finally in 1942, he started the Quit India Movement in which Indians took part actively. At last, India got independence from the British Raj on August 15, 1947 due to the collectively efforts of Gandhi ji and Indians. All these movements made by Gandhi ji proved to be effective in giving freedom to India.
On January 30, 1948, when Gandhiji was going to a prayer meeting, Nathuram Godse shot him and killed him. Gandhi’s last words was “Hey Ram”. Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violent struggle for the country can never be forgotten. He spent his whole life in the freedom of the country. In honour of Gandhi ji every year January 30 is celebrated as a martyr’s day in his memory.